permaculture Intermarché – “Inglorious Fruits and Vegetables” you tube /Watch How This Supermarket G ot People To Buy Their Rubbish (Much Less Food Waste!)

On Sun, Jul 27, 2014 at 12:21 PM, Wesley Roe and Santa Barbara Permaculture Network wrote:

> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p2nSECWq_PE
>
> Watch How This Supermarket Got People To Buy Their Rubbish (Much Less Food > Waste!)
>
> How many people in this world do not have enough food to eat? How many > people are malnourished and/or can only afford cheaper processed foods > because healthy produce is too costly? A LOT! Not only that, but we waste > approximately 300 millions tons of food each year! Think of all the people > who could be fed. The sad part is, this food that goes to waste could > easily be put into the mouths of people if only there was a solution. >
> The good news? Now there is a solution. Although we still aren’t supplying > food directly to people in need (this is something we at CE are actually > working on-details soon!) this solution at least cuts down on food waste > and gets people food at cheaper costs. What they are doing is taking the > “ugly” fruits and vegetables that supermarkets won’t put on their shelves, > buying it back from them and selling it for 30% less. So far, it’s been a > huge success.
>

Only 30% less? that is what the supermarkets would be selling them for on their discount shelves if they sold them instead of “collective evolution” doing it. How about 60% and they would still make enough profit to stay in business. Why aren’t the supermarkets donating them since most of that would be thrown away? Then they could be sold for 40% of the price of standard items or less with some given away.. Collective evolution indeed, BS buzzwords to make the public think they are doing something worthwhile. It is yet another scam to avoid.

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permaculture Intermarché – “Inglorious Fruits and Vegetables” you tube /Watch How This Supermarket G ot People To Buy Their Rubbish (Much Less Food Waste!)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p2nSECWq_PE

Watch How This Supermarket Got People To Buy Their Rubbish (Much Less Food Waste!)

How many people in this world do not have enough food to eat? How many people are malnourished and/or can only afford cheaper processed foods because healthy produce is too costly? A LOT! Not only that, but we waste approximately 300 millions tons of food each year! Think of all the people who could be fed. The sad part is, this food that goes to waste could easily be put into the mouths of people if only there was a solution.

The good news? Now there is a solution. Although we still aren’t supplying food directly to people in need (this is something we at CE are actually working on-details soon!) this solution at least cuts down on food waste and gets people food at cheaper costs. What they are doing is taking the “ugly” fruits and vegetables that supermarkets won’t put on their shelves, buying it back from them and selling it for 30% less. So far, it’s been a huge success.

Check out the video below to find out about the “Inglorious Fruits & Vegetables” campaign that is reducing food waste significantly.
http://www.collective-evolution.com/2014/07/23/watch-how-this-supermarket-got-people-to-buy-their-rubbish-much-less-food-waste/

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permaculture Romania ends production of synthetic fertilizer made from natural gas.

[good opportunity for Permaculture consultants to help establish networks of farms using natural methods and materials]

Romania ends production of synthetic fertilizer made from natural gas.

Romania has become 100% independent of Russian gas : europe
http://us.reddit.com/r/europe/comments/2bp3cr/romania_has_become_100_independent_of_russian_gas/

–]
Romaniaionuttzu [S
] 43 points 10 hours ago

“Since the article is in Romanian.

Basically Romania has closed its fertiliser plants recently, which are high gas consumption entities. Thus Romania has remained with an excess of 2-2.5 bcm of gas, on top of the national consumption, which is entirely provided by the internal production. We don’t need russian gas anymore, no matter how harsh the winter season is.”

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permaculture About | European Permaculture Teachers Partnership

http://permateachers.eu/about-2/
About
The European Permaculture Teachers’ Partnership (short: ‘EPT’, European PC Teachers) has 12 official Partnership organisations funded by the EU-programme Leonardo DaVinci and several non-funded Partner organisations all over Europe – the number is growing. Currently, more than 150 people are connected through this partnership.

*On the following pages you will find:*

- The *Visitor’s Guide
*, which gives an overview of what the EPT wants to achieve plus the content of the Leonardo DaVinci application that has been submitted in January 2012 and which has been approved by the National Agencies of 12 European countries.
- An overview of the Partnership organisations and other partners under *Who:
People & Organisations*
plus some *faces *! – An overview of the* Partnership meetings
* and the topics that we worked on, plus posts that relate to these meetings. – An *Author’s Guide*
for those who submit texts to this website.
- The *Colophon* (overview of the editors, administrators, banner image contributors and creative commons license).

*Getting in touch:*

For questions on the EPT-Partnership or if you want to contribute to this online-resource, please contact us !

Newsletter Archive
1st EPT Newsletter Oct 2013
2nd EPT Newsletter Dec 2013
3rd EPT Newsletter Feb 2014
4th EPT Newsletter May 2014
Quick Start Guide The About section gives information on the goals
and activities of the partnership and the countries involved. The Teacher’s Manual
is a work-in-progress where we are collecting materials to help and inspire teachers. Current Events The latest news is found on the front page . Subscribe to our RSS feed to get the latest in your newsreader or RSS capable email programme.

EPT Partners

- Aardwerk, Nederland
- Accademia Italiana di Permacultura, Italy – Associacion Cambium Permacultura en Formacion, Spain

- Cultivate, Ireland
- Društvo za permakulturo Slovenije, Slovenia

- Elävän Kulttuurin Koroinen-yhdistys, Finland – Green School Village, Bulgaria – l’Université Populaire de Permaculture, France

- Latvian Permaculture Association, Latvia

- Permaculture Association, Britain – Permaculture Association, Sweden – Permakultur Danmark, Denmark – Permakultur Institut e.V., Germany – Projecto Novas Descobertas, Portugal

European Permaculture

- Chaordic Permaculture Institute

- EUPC2012
- Permaculture Council for Europe

Recent Posts

- Rakesh Rootsman – Community Building with Playback Theatre
- Permaculture Courses Formats

- The Permaculture College of Europe
- Federation or Foundation, Society or Cooperative?

Recent Comments

- Sandra Campe on Networking Garden
- Leo Bakx on An Exercise: Patterns
- Graham Bell on An Exercise: Patterns
- Graham Bell on An Exercise: Patterns
- Leo Bakx on An Exercise: Patterns

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permaculture European Permaculture Teachers Partnership | Teaching Permaculture in Europe: Sustainable Ways of Sharing Knowledge

European Permaculture Teachers Partnership | Teaching Permaculture in Europe: Sustainable Ways of Sharing Knowledge
http://permateachers.eu/

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permaculture Introduction | European Permaculture Teachers Partnership

http://permateachers.eu/introduction/

Introduction
*“Educational Structures” refers to:*

… capturing existing and emerging support structures in Permaculture education and teachers’ training in the different European countries, such as:

- Introductory courses and workshops
- Basic permaculture courses
- Diploma pathways
- Advanced courses
- Integral & comprehensive courses
- Teachers’ register
- Tutor & senior tutor register
- Apprenticeships & internships

*The objectives of the Educational Structures group are:*

- To share information about various national permaculture education systems and qualifications frameworks;
- To establish a pan-European network of permaculture teachers and organisations;
- To mutually support the national organisations to form networks to set up or improve their educational systems and structures;
- To support in developing organisational structures and working practices for less well set-up countries.

In this section you will find:

- Presentations of national educational structures;
- Different pathways towards the diploma
in applied permaculture design;
- Links towards global directories of projects, courses and people; – The results of a questionnaire with the number of courses organised in Europe in 2012
;
- SWOC (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Constraints) analysis of educational structures in Europe;
- [Coming Soon] A table with links towards European permaculture organisations, with information about diploma pathways, diploma holders, permaculture design courses, introduction courses and specialised courses; – A document with interactions between elements of educational structures that you can use and play with to improve your organisation; – The results of interviews made in May 2014
in Denmark that show the evolution of national permaculture organisations.

Newsletter Archive
1st EPT Newsletter Oct 2013
2nd EPT Newsletter Dec 2013
3rd EPT Newsletter Feb 2014
4th EPT Newsletter May 2014
Quick Start Guide The About section gives information on the goals
and activities of the partnership and the countries involved. The Teacher’s Manual
is a work-in-progress where we are collecting materials to help and inspire teachers. Current Events The latest news is found on the front page . Subscribe to our RSS feed to get the latest in your newsreader or RSS capable email programme.

EPT Partners

- Aardwerk, Nederland
- Accademia Italiana di Permacultura, Italy – Associacion Cambium Permacultura en Formacion, Spain

- Cultivate, Ireland
- Društvo za permakulturo Slovenije, Slovenia

- Elävän Kulttuurin Koroinen-yhdistys, Finland – Green School Village, Bulgaria – l’Université Populaire de Permaculture, France

- Latvian Permaculture Association, Latvia

- Permaculture Association, Britain – Permaculture Association, Sweden – Permakultur Danmark, Denmark – Permakultur Institut e.V., Germany – Projecto Novas Descobertas, Portugal

European Permaculture

- Chaordic Permaculture Institute

- EUPC2012
- Permaculture Council for Europe

Recent Posts

- Rakesh Rootsman – Community Building with Playback Theatre
- Permaculture Courses Formats

- The Permaculture College of Europe
- Federation or Foundation, Society or Cooperative?

Recent Comments

- Sandra Campe on Networking Garden
- Leo Bakx on An Exercise: Patterns
- Graham Bell on An Exercise: Patterns
- Graham Bell on An Exercise: Patterns
- Leo Bakx on An Exercise: Patterns

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permaculture Steam from the sun | MIT News Office – New spongelike structure converts solar energy into steam.

http://newsoffice.mit.edu/2014/new-spongelike-structure-converts-solar-energy-into-steam-0721

Steam from the sun

New spongelike structure converts solar energy into steam.

Jennifer Chu | MIT News Office
July 21, 2014
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A new material structure developed at MIT generates steam by soaking up the sun.

The structure — a layer of graphite flakes and an underlying carbon foam — is a porous, insulating material structure that floats on water. When sunlight hits the structure’s surface, it creates a hotspot in the graphite, drawing water up through the material’s pores, where it evaporates as steam. The brighter the light, the more steam is generated.

The new material is able to convert 85 percent of incoming solar energy into steam — a significant improvement over recent approaches to solar-powered steam generation. What’s more, the setup loses very little heat in the process, and can produce steam at relatively low solar intensity. This would mean that, if scaled up, the setup would likely not require complex, costly systems to highly concentrate sunlight.

Hadi Ghasemi, a postdoc in MIT’s Department of Mechanical Engineering, says the spongelike structure can be made from relatively inexpensive materials — a particular advantage for a variety of compact, steam-powered applications.

“Steam is important for desalination, hygiene systems, and sterilization,” says Ghasemi, who led the development of the structure. “Especially in remote areas where the sun is the only source of energy, if you can generate steam with solar energy, it would be very useful.”

Ghasemi and mechanical engineering department head Gang Chen, along with five others at MIT, report on the details of the new steam-generating structure in the journal *Nature Communications*.

*Cutting the optical concentration*

Today, solar-powered steam generation involves vast fields of mirrors or lenses that concentrate incoming sunlight, heating large volumes of liquid to high enough temperatures to produce steam. However, these complex systems can experience significant heat loss, leading to inefficient steam generation.

Recently, scientists have explored ways to improve the efficiency of solar-thermal harvesting by developing new solar receivers and by working with nanofluids. The latter approach involves mixing water with nanoparticles that heat up quickly when exposed to sunlight, vaporizing the surrounding water molecules as steam. But initiating this reaction requires very intense solar energy — about 1,000 times that of an average sunny day.

By contrast, the MIT approach generates steam at a solar intensity about 10 times that of a sunny day — the lowest optical concentration reported thus far. The implication, the researchers say, is that steam-generating applications can function with lower sunlight concentration and less-expensive tracking systems.

“This is a huge advantage in cost-reduction,” Ghasemi says. “That’s exciting for us because we’ve come up with a new approach to solar steam generation.”

*From sun to steam*

The approach itself is relatively simple: Since steam is generated at the surface of a liquid, Ghasemi looked for a material that could both efficiently absorb sunlight and generate steam at a liquid’s surface.

After trials with multiple materials, he settled on a thin, double-layered, disc-shaped structure. Its top layer is made from graphite that the researchers exfoliated by placing the material in a microwave. The effect, Chen says, is “just like popcorn”: The graphite bubbles up, forming a nest of flakes. The result is a highly porous material that can better absorb and retain solar energy.

The structure’s bottom layer is a carbon foam that contains pockets of air to keep the foam afloat and act as an insulator, preventing heat from escaping to the underlying liquid. The foam also contains very small pores that allow water to creep up through the structure via capillary action.

As sunlight hits the structure, it creates a hotspot in the graphite layer, generating a pressure gradient that draws water up through the carbon foam. As water seeps into the graphite layer, the heat concentrated in the graphite turns the water into steam. The structure works much like a sponge that, when placed in water on a hot, sunny day, can continuously absorb and evaporate liquid.

The researchers tested the structure by placing it in a chamber of water and exposing it to a solar simulator — a light source that simulates various intensities of solar radiation. They found they were able to convert 85 percent of solar energy into steam at a solar intensity 10 times that of a typical sunny day.

Ghasemi says the structure may be designed to be even more efficient, depending on the type of materials used.

“There can be different combinations of materials that can be used in these two layers that can lead to higher efficiencies at lower concentrations,” Ghasemi says. “There is still a lot of research that can be done on implementing this in larger systems.”

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